Up Late with Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing by Margaret Atwood


Margaret Atwood is a literary goddess. If you haven’t read her most recent collection of short stories, Stone Mattress, move that to your number own spot on your to-reads list (recently reviewed here by Sarah Rito). Since I’d already read it (and reviewed it on WPSU), I went back to a book she wrote that I’d somehow missed: Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing. This non-fiction book was exactly what I needed to read right now, although I hadn’t a clue when I began how relevant it would be. I’m going to write a longer review this week, because this book transports me back to graduate school, where I reveled in writing about books in the nerdiest of ways, and because this book also pushes me to think deeply about the practice of reading and writing–and I find writing about reading and writing allows me to come to a better understanding of both. So forgive me, dear reader, for this overly long review/love note to Atwood.

There are six chapters to this, including an Introduction and a Prologue. The Introduction, titled “Into the Labyrinth,” explains how the book came out of a series of lectures for the Empson Lectures at the University of Cambridge in 2000 (the book was published in 2002). In this, she shares the three questions most often posed to writers: “Who are you writing for? Why do you do it? Where does it come from?” The list of the motive of writing following these questions I plan to share with students in both my AP and CP classes–it is a list, to me, that serves as a reason for why we breathe, why we live, as well as why we write.

The Prologue is short and full of thanks to many people, but one thank you in particular is worth noting for me: “And to my teachers, including the inadvertent ones, as always.”

Chapter 1: “Orientation: Who do you think you are? What is ‘a writer,’ and how did I become one?” Like the rest of the chapters, this one begins with quotes by other writers about the topic at hand. Atwood, as usual, makes me feel small and unknowing–I only recognize the author of one of these quotes–Alice Munro. The rest of this chapter, though, allows me to know the young Margaret Atwood. She explains the childhood of writers “often contain…books and solitude, and my own childhood was right on track.” Once again, I identify with her (as I do with every protagonist I read) and she explains “I learned many things about the seedier side of life via the printed page.” However, I am reminded in this chapter that although I may have visions of being a writer, “everyone can dig a hole in a cemetery, but not everyone is a grave-digger.”

Chapter 2: “Duplicity: The jekyll hand, the hyde hand, the slipper double: Why there are always two.” In this chapter I totally geeked out with the references to “Childe Roland” and Alice and Grimm brothers and Dickens and….well, let’s just say I felt less unworthy in this chapter because I knew most of the texts Atwood references. In fact, not only did I know them, but my AP kiddos are about to study Dorian Gray, which features prominently in this chapter and the rest of the book. My favorite quote from this chapter, though, is the last few lines: “The act of writing takes place at the moment when Alice passes through the mirror. At this one instant, the glass barrier between the doubles dissolves, and Alice is neither here nor there, neither art nor life, neither the one thing for the other, though at the same time she is allof these at once. At that moment time itself stops, and also stretches out, and both writer and reader have all the time not in the world.”

Chapter 3: “Dedication: The Great God Pen: Apollo vs. Mammon: at whose altar should the writer worship?” In this chapter, Atwood explains the issues with making money as an artist. Can you still be an artist when you make money? She writes:
“’The truth shall make you free,’ said Jesus.
‘Beauty is Truth, Truth, Beauty,”’said John Keats.
By the roots of the syllogism, if truth is beauty and the truth shall make you free, then beauty shall make you free, and since we are in favor of freedom, or have been off and on since it was extolled in the Romantic ago, we should devote ourselves to beauty-worship. And where is beauty–widely interpreted–more manifest than in Art?”

Chapter 4: “Temptation: Prospero, The Wizard of Oz, Mephisto & Co. Who waves the wand, pulls the strings, or signs the devil’s book? “Again, this chapter seemed to resonate with me since I just taught Dr. Faustus to my students. I read aloud the passage about writer as both Faustus and Mephistopheles. In this chapter, though, Atwood discusses the place where money and power “intersect” –the concept of “moral responsibility” and “social responsibility.” She writes of feminism as a female writer, and of responsibility as an artist and a writer. There’s a lovely little analysis of “Ars Poetica.” There’s also an short consideration of Prospero, from Shakespeare’s Tempest, which particularly intrigued me, as I recently read the ARC of Andrew Smith’s The Alex Crow, where the main character’s name, Ariel, reminded me of Prospero’s enslaved spirit.

Chapter 5: “Communion: Nobody to Nobody: The eternal triangle: the writer, the reader, and the book as go-between.” Here, Atwood talks about books as messengers. She explains: “For every letter and every book, there is an intended reader, a true reader.” There’s a lovely reference/analysis of Bradbury’s “The Martian,” explaining how the reader functions in reference to this story. And the end of this chapter particularly struck me: “the ideal reader may prove to be anyone at all–any one at all–because the act of reading is just as singular–always–as the act of writing.”

Chapter 6: “Descent: Negotiating with the dead: Who makes the trip to the Underwold, and why?” This chapter, like others, references Hamlet, which makes me giddy, for some reason, every time I come across some kind of reference to that angsty young man. One of my favorite parts of this chapter is a plea to reconsider Santa Claus as a sort of visitor from the land of the dead. Atwood leaves us with the words of Ovid “But still, the fates will leave me my voice, and by my voice I shall be known.”

This text is dense with references to other writers and works upon whose shoulders Atwood stands upon. I found myself appreciating this more now than I might have had I read it twelve years ago when it was published, as I am a more mature reader, and a more widely read reader. This text is not for the faint of heart or for the shallow reader. It is, however, a celebration of writing and reading, and I highly recommend it for those other booknerds out there who want to feel as if they’re part of a club of other readers and writers.

Posted by Kate, VP Secondary, PCTELA Board

Up Late with Negotiating with the Dead: A Writer on Writing by Margaret Atwood

Educational Technology Trends for 2015

Kristie Burk is in charge of all of DASD’s online and blended learning programs, including the Downingtown Cyber Academy and the Downingtown Ivy Academy.

Kristie has spent over two decades working as an English teacher in traditional, blended and online classes for several high schools and universities across the country. She has also been a computer programmer, a corporate technology trainer, a technical writer and editor, and an author of a test preparation book.
We’re happy to have this as a guest blog on our site!

Trending Tech Chat

by Kristie Burk

2015 is right around the corner. Here is what I predict as the top educational technology trends for the upcoming year:

1. Data/Learning Analytics – We cannot escape it.  Big data is here to stay and teachers will be expected to become more expert at using data to drive their lessons, to assess students and to improve their teaching.  If you want to become more of a data expert in 2015, start with this article called “Averages Don’t Matter…and Other Common Mistakes in Data Analysis.”

2. Flipped Classrooms – The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical classroom and homework elements are reversed. Short instructional videos can be viewed by students at home while classroom time is devoted to exercises, practice, projects or discussions. Here is an excellent resource guide to the flipped classroom and a previous article on how the Ohio State Football program is…

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Educational Technology Trends for 2015

Friday Five: What I Learned from Two Old Women by Velma Wallis


This Friday Five is specifically about a short novel by Velma Wallis that retells the Athabaska legend of two old women who survive against the odds. This is a great book to pair with the short story “The Law of Life,” by Jack London.

1. Don’t complain. 
In this short myth, the two older women complain all the time, and in the time of hunger and trial, they are left behind. It felt as if the leaving behind was less about uselessness (after all, they tanned hides in exchange for food and shelter) and more about the incessant complaining.

2. Age should not limit you.
When they are left behind, Sa’ is 75 and Ch’idzigyaak is 80. These women, while creaky in the bones, remain sharp in mind. The first day of slogging through snow to their destination seems almost impossible, but their bodies adjust, and old skills and knowledge return to them as they must become active participants in survival, rather than passive recipients of charity.

3. Friendship can save your life.
The refrain after the People leave them behind Sa’ repeats is this: “we may as well die trying.” Without her encouragement, I’m not sure Ch’idzigyaak would have moved. However, as these women work together to build shelter, snare rabbits, and survive, they form a bond not only of shared experience, but shared stories. Late in the night on cold winter evenings, they share stories of their past and become fast friends.

4. Forgiveness may be difficult, but it is worth it.
When the People realize the two old women may be alive, the Chief has to swallow his pride and admit he make a mistake. While the women fear for their safety initially, once they realize the People actually need help and don’t want to hurt them, they eventually forgive the decision made to abandon them.

5. Women have everywhere and always, been strong.
This old myth of the Athabaska people, passed on in the oral tradition, reminds me of the strength of women in all cultures, at all ages, for all time. I am often surprised when my high school students share their perceptions that women have only recently been strong or held power. This story allows me to point to a particular story of feminine strength, courage, and survival.

Posted by Kate, VP Secondary PCTELA

Friday Five: What I Learned from Two Old Women by Velma Wallis

Friday Five: Things to Enjoy Over Winter Break


1. Read that stack of books you’ve been eyeing all month.  If you went to NCTE like me, you’ve probably been counting down the days until you can read all those books you brought home. A few on my list:  Homeland Cory Doctorow;  Love Letters to the Dead Eva Dellaria; California Edan Lepucki. Even if you didn’t go to NCTE, I bet you’re excited to sit and read a book during the day, instead of as you fall asleep at night.

2. Go to the bathroom WHENEVER YOU WANT.  I find it funny that I have to pay attention to what time it is and schedule my bathroom breaks.  For two weeks I’m going to drink all the water I want and use the bathroom at random times!

3. Appreciate not having a deadline for turning back quizzes or papers or assignments.  Our weeks are often dictated by all the things we have to do and the looming deadlines of progress alerts, IEP meetings, or online grade posting.  Enjoy these two weeks where you can put aside your bag with the papers (or your laptop with web access) and just be a regular person.

4. Sleep a little later than 5:30am.  Or at least stay in your pajamas a little longer.  I don’t know if you’re like me, where I don’t really sleep much later on break, but I do love not having to rush in the morning. Instead, I’ll sit in front of my Christmas tree with my coffee and read a chapter or two before doing anything productive.

5. Spend time with family and friends.  The fall is such a busy time for teachers, sometimes our family/ spouse /kids /friends become secondary to all our classwork/ students/ meetings/ planning/ prepping.

So Happy Holidays from PCTELA, and enjoy all your time off with family, friends, and books. Our blog will return in the new year with new reviews, new giveaways, and new columns.


Kate & the PCTELA Board.

Friday Five: Things to Enjoy Over Winter Break

Up Late with The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien (win a copy!)

Win a copy of this book by commenting below, tweeting it and tagging @PCTELAnews, retweeting the @PCTELAnews tweet, or emailing Kate at kap17 @ scasd . org
Heraclitus said you can never step in the same river twice, and that applies to books, too. I’m re-reading The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien since I’ll be teaching it in January to my juniors, only this time I’m reading it with a different lens. Since I last read this ten years ago, I’ve become friends with a number of veterans who fought in Afghanistan. Talking to them about their experiences has colored the way I read this story of the Vietnam Conflict. I am moved by this book far more than I was on my first reading.

Essentially, this book recounts the feeling of being in the war, being out of the war, and trying to come home after the war. There is truth and there is story truth, and O’Brien explains to us multiple times there are ways to tell stories and there are different types of truths. What seems to matter most to him is having the reader really feel the emotional truth via stories.

“Stories are for joining the past to the future.”

“A true war story is never moral.”

“It wasn’t a war story, it was a love story.”

“By telling stories, you objectify your own experience.”

“Stories can save us.”


Posted by Kate, VP PCTELA

Have a book you want to review or a lesson you want to share?  Send us a message and we’ll post your writing.

Up Late with The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien (win a copy!)

Up Late with Gracefully Grayson by Ami Polonsky

“How would it feel to hide an enormous, important, life-threatening secret from your friends, your neighbors, and maybe even members of your family?” Mr. Finn, Grayson’s humanities teachers asks his students this in regard to the Holocaust, but for Grayson, this question holds even more importance, since he has an enormous secret, too.  He is a girl trapped in a boy’s body.

Grayson Sender doodles what look like geometric shapes in the margins of his books, but in his mind, the triangle is a dress under the circle of the head.  He imagines his baggy clothes spinning into princess dresses.  When he shops at thrift stores with friends, he gazes longingly at the skirts, and once he even tries a skirt on to see how it looks. Living with his aunt and uncle and cousins is hard enough, but living with this secret is much harder.

Grayson finds a group of supportive friends, though, when he tries out for the school play– as Persephone.  When his aunt finds out he has the part, she lashes out at Mr. Finn, but his uncle is more supportive.  This book follows the difficultly Grayson faces as classmates call him Gracie and try to physically harass him.  He finds a support system with the other actors in the play, and finally learns to accept how he feels and slowly begins to share who he is with others after discovering his parents knew and accepted him for who he was.

This novel is a middle grade novel–a type of book I don’t usually read, but I got a copy at the NCTE conference.  I have a student who identifies as agender and this book was interesting to read with that in mind. In fact, as I wrote this, I struggled with pronouns–am I using the right ones? What would be the best way to describe this book?  I think this is a good jumping off point for students, teachers, friends, and family to consider what it must be like to go through life feeling as if you have to hide who you are out of fear that people you love might not accept you.


Posted by Kate, VP Secondary PCTELA

Up Late with Gracefully Grayson by Ami Polonsky

Friday 5: Poems About Winter

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Now Winter Nights Enlarge
Thomas Campion

Now winter nights enlarge
This number of their hours;
And clouds their storms discharge
Upon the airy towers.
Let now the chimneys blaze
And cups o’erflow with wine,
Let well-tuned words amaze
With harmony divine.
Now yellow waxen lights
Shall wait on honey love
While youthful revels, masques, and courtly sights
Sleep’s leaden spells remove.

This time doth well dispense
With lovers’ long discourse;
Much speech hath some defense,
Though beauty no remorse.
All do not all things well:
Some measures comely tread,
Some knotted riddles tell,
Some poems smoothly read.
The summer hath his joys,
And winter his delights;
Though love and all his pleasures are but toys
They shorten tedious nights.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Out of the bosom of the Air,
Out of the cloud-folds of her garments shaken,
Over the woodlands brown and bare,
Over the harvest-fields forsaken,
Silent, and soft, and slow
Descends the snow.

Even as our cloudy fancies take
Suddenly shape in some divine expression,
Even as the troubled heart doth make
In the white countenance confession,
The troubled sky reveals
The grief it feels.

This is the poem of the air,
Slowly in silent syllables recorded;
This is the secret of despair,
Long in its cloudy bosom hoarded,
Now whispered and revealed
To wood and field.
Like Brooms of Steel
Emily Dickinson

Like Brooms of Steel
The Snow and Wind
Had swept the Winter Street—
The House was hooked
The Sun sent out
Faint Deputies of Heat—
Where rode the Bird
The Silence tied
His ample—plodding Steed
The Apple in the Cellar snug
Was all the one that played.

Snow in the Suburbs
Thomas Hardy

Every branch big with it,
Bent every twig with it;
Every fork like a white web-foot;
Every street and pavement mute:
Some flakes have lost their way, and grope back upward when
Meeting those meandering down they turn and descend again.
The palings are glued together like a wall,
And there is no waft of wind with the fleecy fall.

A sparrow enters the tree,
Whereon immediately
A snow-lump thrice his own slight size
Descends on him and showers his head and eye
And overturns him,
And near inurns him,
And lights on a nether twig, when its brush
Starts off a volley of other lodging lumps with a rush.

The steps are a blanched slope,
Up which, with feeble hope,
A black cat comes, wide-eyed and thin;
And we take him in.

Those Winter Sundays
Robert Hayden

Sundays too my father got up early
and put his clothes on in the blueblack cold,
then with cracked hands that ached
from labor in the weekday weather made
banked fires blaze. No one ever thanked him.
I’d wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking.
When the rooms were warm, he’d call,
and slowly I would rise and dress,
fearing the chronic angers of that house,
Speaking indifferently to him,
who had driven out the cold
and polished my good shoes as well.
What did I know, what did I know of love’s austere and lonely offices?

Do you have a poem you think everyone should read? Submit it (and maybe include why or how you use it in class) and we’ll post it!  Contact Kate at kap17 @ scasd. org.

Friday 5: Poems About Winter

Up Late with Leaving Time by Jodi Picoult


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I’ve been fascinated by elephants since I was a toddler. I vividly recall my imaginary friends, Peter and Cranberry, a married elephant couple who lived in my closet with 99 babies. One of my first tattoos was a ring of elephants in honor of those imaginary stories I used to tell about my elephant friends. I wrote research reports on elephants and imagined one day seeing elephants in the wild. Jodi Picoult’s newest work reinvigorated my fascination with elephants and taught me more than a few new things about these amazing beings.

Leaving Time is told from multiple narrators–Jenna, the daughter of Alice and Thomas, researchers into animal grief and the overseers of an animal preserve; Serenity, a psychic Jenna has gone to for help finding her mother; Virgil, a washed-up detective, who may have made some mistakes 10 years ago, and Alice herself, who writes about studying elephants. Essentially, Jenna wants to know what happened to her mother ten years ago at the animal sanctuary. By enlisting Serenity and Virgil, she begins to uncover some of the truth of the mysterious events surrounding a death and a disappearance.

Picoult is a great storyteller, and this text is no exception. Here, she incorporates research about elephants, memory, and grief, but she also ties it to relationships, motherhood, love, and loss. One of the elements about her work that I love is the way she tells a story–everything she writes sucks me right in and spits me out the other side. It is hard to pick up one of her books and try to put it down voluntarily. While this book vaguely brought to mind Lone Wolf, about a family and the wolves they take care of, to me it surpassed that story of man and nature. I think this is one of her best books–not just for the story, but for the crafted language and beautiful metaphors peppering the book. As usual, I’ve chosen some particularly moving passages that stood out to me as I read:

  • “I work with elephants because it’s like watching people at a cafe…they’re funny, heartbreaking, inventive, intelligent…there’s just so much of us in them.”
  • “grief is really like an ugly couch. It never goes away. You can decorate around it; you can slap a doily on top of it; you can push it into the corner of the room–but eventually you learn to live with it.”
  • “It was almost as if there was a tear in the fabric I was made of, and he was the only color thread that would match to stitch it up.”
  • “it’s not that he doesn’t love you enough to tell you the truth, it’s that he loves you too much to risk it.”
  • “In Tswana, there is a saying” Go o ra motho, ga gi lelwe. Where there is support, there is no grief.”
  • “Sometimes I think there’s no such thing as falling in love. It’s just the fear of losing someone.”

Posted by Kate, VP Secondary, PCTELA (This is the 100th book she’s read this year.  Find her on Goodreads).

Up Late with Leaving Time by Jodi Picoult

Finding Poems for my Students

Finding Poems for My Students
Mohja Kahf
(from E-mails from Scheherazad)

O my students,
I scour the world of words
to bring you poems like the rocks
my girls dig up in riverbanks
and come running to show me
because the notches in them
say something true, something
that an ancient Wisdom
wanted us to see.

I run to you, pockets full of poems.
I select: This poem will help you pass a test.
Here is one that is no help at all,
but it is beautiful; take it, take it.

O my scroungers after merely passing grades,
I bring you poem I have hiked high
and far to find, knowing
they will mostly end up like the rocks
my daughters find, tossed in drawers
with old batteries, mislaid keys,
scraps bearing the addresses
of people whose names
you no longer recognize or need.

Your current glazed-eye indifference
doesn’t bother me. One day,
when you are either cleaning house
or moving (and sooner or later
everyone must do one or the other),
you will shake the drawer and the poem
will fall out. And may the poem be for you
the one phone number in the universe
you were looking for, and may it be
for you the mislaid key
to your greatest need.
On that day,
you will read.

Finding Poems for my Students

Friday Five: ARC Giveaway!

This week, we’ll start our December giveaways with a 5 book frenzy! PCTELA had a great time at the National Conference for English Teachers in Washington, DC and we thought we would share the wealth.  Below are listed 5 Advanced Readers Copies (ARCs) of books we picked up there.There are two ways to win:

1.Put your name in the comments section of this blog post with the title of the book you want, OR

2. Tweet this blog post with the title of the book you want.

We will draw names from all the entries, and winners will be announced in Monday’s post, at which point they can message Kate addresses.

Here are your 5 titles:

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  1. Lauren Oliver’s Vanishing Girls.  From the back cover: “Dara and Nick used to be inseparable, but that was before the accident that left Dara’s beautiful face scarred and the two sisters totally estranged.  When Dara vanishes on her birthday, Nick thinks Dara is just playing around.  But another girl has vanished, too…and Nick has to find them, before it is too late.”
  2. The Walls Around Us by Nova Ren Suma. From the back cover. This “ghostly story of suspense is told in two voices–one still living, and one long dead. One the outside, there is Violet, and 18-year-old dancer days away from the life of her dreams, and on the inside, within the walls of a detention center, there’s Amber, who can barely remember freedom.  A third girl, Orianna, holds the key to unlocking all the girls’ darkest mysteries.”
  3. Michael Buckley’s Undertow is a “much anticipated genre-bending YA trilogy” that seems to be about “the stuff of nightmares. You can’t sleep through…the wave of moans and shrieks…so you just pull the blankets over your head and wait for them to pass.  It’s after curfew on Coney Island.”
  4. Ask the Dark, my Henry Turner has suspense: “When an elusive killer stalks the neighborhood, only the boy who breaks all the rules can piece together the truth.  A gripping tale of redemption, this debut novel comes to life with the voice of a hero as unlikely as he is unforgettable.”
  5. Finally, we have Lee Bross’s Tangled Webs, about Lady A, a “notorious blackmailer” in 1725 London–who also happens to be a regular 17-year-old girl “living in fear of her abusive master.” She passes as a boy to navigate the slums of London, and eventually ends up partnering with Jonathan Wild, an infamous thief.” Then, of course, she meets a man, falls in love, and trouble ensues…

Happy Friday, and happy reading!

Friday Five: ARC Giveaway!